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Riding a Bike - CBT and Licence

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London Bike Training CBT

Get a CBT: To get on the road on a bike, scooter or moped you need a CBT.

London Bike Training are co-located with our Wembley showroom at East Lane Business Park.
Either call 0203 417 0288 / 07880 364 436 and quote "MBW" to book training in East Lane, Wembley, or book it through us at the same time as purchasing your bike.

In January 2013 DVLA made changes to the licensing criteria for bikes - particularly regarding the size or power of bikes and the minimum ages that they can be ridden.

We describe the basic categories here but the complete information is detailed at the DVLA website: DVLA Guide: Riding a motorbike, moped or motor tricycle.

Mopeds (any 50cc machine) [Licence category AM]

16 years or older: You can ride any 50cc moped (with L Plates if you only have a CBT and haven't passed a full test)


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Light Motorcycles and Scooters (125cc) [Licence category A1]

17 years or older: You can ride any 125cc Motorbike or Scooter with maximum power output of 11 kW (with L Plates if you only have a CBT and haven't passed a full test)


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Medium Motorcycles and Scooters (up to 35 kW) [Licence category A2]

19 years or older: You can ride any medium sized Motorbike or Scooter with maximum power output of 35 kW either with a Direct Access course, or with 2 years holding a full A1 licence plus passing the practical test. But note that once you pass your A2 restricted motorcycle test, although you can then ride any motorbike or scooter with a restricted power output to a maximum of 35kw (46.6bhp), European Legislation states that you can only restrict a bike for riding on an A2 licence which had an original the power output not greater than 70kw (93.2bph) according to the original manufacturer's declaration, and does not exceed a power to weight ratio of 0.2 kW per kilo.


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Motorcycles and Scooters unlimited in power or engine size [Licence category A]

21 to 23 years or older: 21 to 23 years old: You can ride any Motorbike or Scooter by having held an A2 full licence for 2 years, plus passing a further practical test


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Motorcycles (and Scooters) unlimited in power or engine size [Licence category A]

24 years or older: 24 years or older by direct access or by staged access: You can ride any Motorbike or Scooter with either a Direct Access course, or having had 2 years experience on an A2 motorcycle or scooter plus passing the practical test


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What is Compulsory Basic Training (CBT)

Compulsory basic training (CBT) was introduced in 1990 to help reduce the very high accident rate among inexperienced motorcyclists. CBT must be completed before a learner moped or motorcycle rider is allowed to ride unaccompanied on the road with L-plates or D-plates in Wales.

You will need to complete CBT if:

  • you want to ride a moped (a moped has an engine not over 50 cc with maximum design speed not exceeding 50 kilometres per hour (km/h) which is approximately 31 miles per hour)

  • you want to ride a motorcycle

If you obtained your car licence before 1 February 2001 you do not need to complete a CBT to ride a moped (50cc).

What does CBT involve?

The CBT course involves five elements:

  1. introduction
  2. practical on-site training
  3. practical on-site riding
  4. practical on-road training
  5. practical on-road riding

The five elements have to be completed in sequence, although the order of the exercises within the element can be varied. You will only move on to the next element when your instructor is satisfied you have learnt the necessary theory and demonstrated the practical skills to a safe basic level. Trainees must, by law, receive a minimum two hour on-road ride in Element 5.

Where and how much?

Only instructors certified by the Driving Standards Agency (DSA) can teach CBT at an approved training body (ATB). ATBs must have instructors who have successfully completed a two day assessment and have sites approved by DSA for off-road training.

DVLA Guide: Riding a Motorcycle


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